Excerpt from of John Smith's
The General Historie of Virginia -
'What happened the second voyage in
discovering the Bay'.
"The country is not mountenous, nor yet low, but such pleasant plains, hils, and fertile valleyes, one prettily crossing another, and watered so conveniently with fresh brookes and springs, no lesse commodious, than delightsome. By the rivers are many plaine marishes, containing some 20, some 100, some 200 acres, some more, some lesse."
"Other plaines there are few, but onley where the salvages inhabit, but all overgrowne with trees and weeds, being a plaine wildernesse as God first made it."
Smith next herein proceeds to describe the rivers, and the particular tribes of Indians seated thereon -
"The fourth river is called Patawomeke, 6 or 7 myles in breadth. It is navigable 140 myles*, and fed as the rest with many sweet rivers and springs, which fall from the bordering hils. These hils many of them are planted, and yield no lesse plentie and varietie of fruit, then the river exceedeth with abundance of fish. It is inhabited on both sides. First on the south side at the very entrance is Wighcocomoco, and hath some 130 men, beyond them Sa/cacawone with 30. The Anawmanient with 100. And the Patawomekes more than 200. Here doth the river divide itselfe into 3 or 4 convenient branches. The greatest of the least is called Quiyough, trending northwest, but the river itselfe turneth northeast, and is still a navigable streame. On the westerne side of this bought is Tauxenent with 40 men. On the north of this river is Secowocomoco with 40."**
*This nearly corresponds with the actual distance, measured with the windings of the channel of the river from the mouth thereof to the city of Washington, where the falls impede further navigation. Smith could mean here only, that they were planted; that is, settled or cultivated by the Indians ; for no plantation of Europeans had been as yet seated on the Patowmack.
**The distance of Secowocomoco (or Cecomocomoco), from the mouth of the river Patowomeke, as laid down by Smith, on his map, is about ten leagues. Accounting three miles to the league, this will nearly correspond with the distance of the mouth of the Wicomoco river from that of the Patowmack; which Wicomoco river divides St. Mary's and Charles counties, in Maryland, from each other, on the north side of the Patowmack. This Indian town called Secowocomoco, in the text, but Cecomocomoco on Smith's map, was most probably, therefore, situated on the same Wicomoco river.